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    simple past

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    HAMADA R

    تاريخ التسجيل : 15/12/2009

    simple past

    مُساهمة من طرف HAMADA R في الثلاثاء فبراير 16, 2010 1:20 am

    Simple Past


    FORM



    [VERB+ed] or irregular verbs
    Examples:


    • You called</STRONG> Debbie.
    • Did</STRONG> you call</STRONG> Debbie?
    • You did not call</STRONG> Debbie.


    Complete List of Simple Past Forms


    USE 1 Completed Action in the Past



    Use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past. Sometimes, the speaker may not actually mention the specific time, but they do have one specific time in mind.
    Examples:


    • I saw</STRONG> a movie yesterday.
    • I didn't see</STRONG> a play yesterday.
    • Last year, I traveled</STRONG> to Japan.
    • Last year, I didn't travel</STRONG> to Korea.
    • Did</STRONG> you have</STRONG> dinner last night?
    • She washed</STRONG> her car.
    • He didn't wash</STRONG> his car.


    USE 2 A Series of Completed Actions



    We use the Simple Past to list a series of completed actions in the past. These actions happen 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and so on.
    Examples:


    • I finished</STRONG> work, walked</STRONG> to the beach, and found</STRONG> a nice place to swim.
    • He arrived</STRONG> from the airport at 8:00, checked</STRONG> into the hotel at 9:00, and met</STRONG> the others at 10:00.
    • Did</STRONG> you add</STRONG> flour, pour</STRONG> in the milk, and then add</STRONG> the eggs?


    USE 3 Duration in Past



    The Simple Past can be used with a duration which starts and stops in the past. A duration is a longer action often indicated by expressions such as: for two years, for five minutes, all day, all year, etc.
    Examples:


    • I lived</STRONG> in Brazil for two years.
    • Shauna studied</STRONG> Japanese for five years.
    • They sat</STRONG> at the beach all day.
    • They did not stay</STRONG> at the party the entire time.
    • We talked</STRONG> on the phone for thirty minutes.
    • A: How long did</STRONG> you wait</STRONG> for them?
      B: We waited</STRONG> for one hour.


    USE 4 Habits in the Past



    The Simple Past can also be used to describe a habit which stopped in the past. It can have the same meaning as "used to." To make it clear that we are talking about a habit, we often add expressions such as: always, often, usually, never, when I was a child, when I was younger, etc.
    Examples:


    • I studied</STRONG> French when I was a child.
    • He played</STRONG> the violin.
    • He didn't play</STRONG> the piano.
    • Did</STRONG> you play</STRONG> a musical instrument when you were a kid?
    • She worked</STRONG> at the movie theater after school.
    • They never went</STRONG> to school, they always skipped</STRONG> class.


    USE 5 Past Facts or Generalizations



    The Simple Past can also be used to describe past facts or generalizations which are no longer true. As in USE 4 above, this use of the Simple Past is quite similar to the expression "used to."
    Examples:


    • She was</STRONG> shy as a child, but now she is very outgoing.
    • He didn't like</STRONG> tomatoes before.
    • Did</STRONG> you live</STRONG> in Texas when you were</STRONG> a kid?
    • People paid</STRONG> much more to make cell phone calls in the past.


    IMPORTANT When-Clauses Happen First


    Clauses are groups of words which have meaning but are often not complete sentences. Some clauses begin with the word "when" such as "when I dropped my pen..." or "when class began..." These clauses are called when-clauses, and they are very important. The examples below contain when-clauses.
    Examples:


    • When I paid her one dollar</STRONG>, she answered my question.
    • She answered my question when I paid her one dollar</STRONG>.


    When-clauses are important because they always happen first when both clauses are in the Simple Past. Both of the examples above mean the same thing: first, I paid her one dollar, and then, she answered my question. It is not important whether "when I paid her one dollar" is at the beginning of the sentence or at the end of the sentence. However, the example below has a different meaning. First, she answered my question, and then, I paid her one dollar.
    Example:


    • I paid her one dollar when she answered my question</STRONG>.


    ADVERB PLACEMENT


    The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc.
    Examples:


    • You just</STRONG> called Debbie.
    • Did you just</STRONG> call Debbie?

      الوقت/التاريخ الآن هو الثلاثاء أكتوبر 17, 2017 7:43 pm